The meaning of ‘Eid’
Eid is an Arabic word which means an event which happens again and again.
In Islam Eid is known as the happy festivals which occur every year.
The word Eid occurs in the Holy Qur’an once in Sura Al Ma-idah verse 114:
“Isa(A) (Prophet Jesus) son of Maryam (Mary) said: “O Allah our Lord! Send down to us from Heaven a table laid with food, that it may be a recurring happiness (Eid) for us, for the first of us and for the last of us, and a sign from You, and give us sustenance, for You are the best of Providers.” (5:114)
The above verse is telling us when Prophet Isa (A) asked Allah for food from Heaven because his Disciples wanted more evidence to increase their faith, and to witness a miracle, and to always celebrate the occasion with joy and satisfaction.
About Eid ul Adha
Eid ul Adha is also known as Eid ul Haj (Eid of Sacrifice).
It takes place on the 10th day of the last Month of the Islamic Calendar (Dhulhijja).
It marks the end of the Holy Pilgrimage (Haj) of Muslims to Makkah.
It is the remembrance of the sacrifice of Prophet Ismail (A) by his father, Prophet Ibrahim (A). When Prophet Isma’il (A) was 13 years old, Prophet Ibrahim (A) dreamt that he was sacrificing his son. It was the 8th of Zilhaj, also known as Yawme Tarwiyah (The Day of the First Dream).
Prophet Ibrahim (A) often received Allah’s commands in his dreams, but because he was being asked to actually kill his son, he wondered whether it was real. On the next day he saw the same dream and was now sure that it was a true command. Thus, the 9th of Zilhaj is known as Yawme Arafaat (The Day of Knowledge).
The Holy Qur’an says in Sura Saffat verse 102:
“And when (Isma’il) became Baaligh (adulthood), he (Ibrahim) said, “O my son! I saw in a dream that I am sacrificing you. What is your view?” He (Isma’il) said, “O father! Do as you have been commanded. If Allah wills, you will find me from the patient ones.” (37:102)
Thus, Prophet Ibrahim (A) led his son into the desert. On the way, Shaitan(devil) appeared in the form of an old man, and tried to convince Prophet Ibrahim (A) that he was making a terrible mistake in killing his son. Three times Shaitan came, and each time Prophet Ibrahim (A) made him go away by throwing seven small stones at him. When they reached Mina, Prophet Ibrahim (A) laid his son on the ground and took the knife. Prophet Isma’il (A) saw how distressed his father was at having to kill him, so he said, “O my father! Tie my hands and legs so that I do not struggle. Put a blindfold over your eyes so that you do not have to see me die. Make your knife sharp so that you can do your job quickly. That way I will feel no pain.”
Prophet Ibrahim (A) did as his son requested, and then cut the throat of his son. But when he removed the blindfold, he was surprised to see his son standing safe besides him and that he had slaughtered a male sheep instead.
Allah made the actions of Prophet Ibrahim (A) and his family Wajib (Obligatory) for all Muslims. The sacrifice of the animal is the last stage of the Haj and thus the joyous day is also known as Eid ul Adha (Eid of Sacrifice). It is a joyous occasion because we hope that our Haj has been accepted and we are starting fresh with all our sins forgiven.
“It is neither their meat nor their blood that reaches Allah, but it is piety from you that reaches Him. Thus have We made them subject to you that you may magnify Allah for His Guidance to you. And give glad tidings (O Muhammad SAW) to the Muhsinun (doers of good)” – Chapter 22 Al Hajj (The Pilgrimage) verse 37, Holy Qur’an
Day of Arafah – 9th Zilhaj
“This is a day when the mercy and grace of Allah reaches (even) the fetus in the womb”
-Imam Zain al Abedin (AS)
-Wishing you and your Family Happy Eid ul Adha!